NEW YORK - Many UN Security Council members are taking a stand against US President Donald Trump's decision to recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel. The "rampage" took place at a UN Security Council meeting on Friday in New York time.
|Duta Besar (Dubes) Amerika Serikat (AS) untuk PBB, Nikki Haley, dalam debat dengan negara-negara anggota DK PBB soal Yerusalem, Jumat (8/12/2017). Foto/REUTERS|
Eight countries called for an emergency meeting to be held at UN headquarters in New York as Palestinians demonstrate "Anger Day" in the West Bank, Jerusalem and Gaza Strip protesting against Trump's decision.
Several countries, including Indonesia, strongly condemned US unilateral action on Wednesday.
Nickolay Mladenov, the UN's special coordinator for the Middle East peace process, said that Jerusalem may be the most emotional and difficult subject among issues in the Israeli and Palestinian conflict.
"The UN has repeatedly stated that any unilateral decision seeking to change the character and status of Jerusalem or that could change these old principles can seriously undermine the current peace efforts and possibly result in the entire region," Mladenov said.
He is deeply concerned about the potential risks of escalating violence as a result of the US decision. Mladenov said the world was at a critical moment in the long-running history of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.
In full, this is the reaction of the United States and Israel and the resistance of many countries in the UNSC forum, quoted from Al Jazeera, Saturday (9/12/2017).
Palestine: US Respects Israel's Impunity
Riyad Mansour, ambassador and permanent observer of Palestine at the UN, said the Trump administration had violated the legal, political and historical status of Jerusalem as well as the rights of Palestinian society and legitimate national aspirations.
"The most regrettable announcement has raised tension and risked the destabilization of the entire volatile situation," Mansour said.
"The US decision is like respecting the impunity of Israel," he said.
The US decision, he said, did not alter the principles of international law and previous UN resolutions stating that Israel must end its occupation in East Jerusalem.
"The status of Jerusalem can not be changed unilaterally or determined by any country and this US decision must be reconsidered and annulled," he said.
Jordan: Reject US Decision as International Law Violation
Jordan, which acts as a guardian of the Muslim and Christian holy sites in Jerusalem, declared that it rejected the US decision as a violation of international law.
"The kingdom (Jordan) believes that any unilateral decision to build a new situation on the ground is no longer valid," said Sima Bahous, Jordan's representative at the United Nations.
Bahous said that the decision could exacerbate tensions, trigger strong emotions and lead to confrontations between people of different faiths in the City of Jerusalem. He said that it could endanger the final status of the holy city.
The status of Jerusalem said Bahous should be reaffirmed, and East Jerusalem should be recognized as the capital of a Palestinian State.
"There will be no security or stability without a solution that brings justice to the Palestinian people," he said.
"The protection of Jerusalem and the holy sites of all religions must be a priority," he added.
Egypt: US decision to anger Arab and Muslim Society
Amr Abdellatif Aboulatta, Egypt's ambassador to the UN, said that Egypt denounced the US decision on Jerusalem. "It can provoke anger among Muslim and Arab communities," he said.
"Such unilateral decisions are a violation of international legitimacy and therefore have no impact on the legal status of the city of Jerusalem as it is a city under occupation," Aboulatta said.
"It is not legally permissible to take action that could change the status quo in the city (Jerusalem)," he said.
Aboulatta added Trump's decision to be a dangerous precedent. "Egypt will always uphold its promise to achieve a just and lasting peace in this region," he said.
UK: Two State of Solutions The only one
Matthew Rycroft, Britain's ambassador to the United Nations, said that the British embassy is in Tel Aviv. "And we have no plans to move it," he said.
He said Britain seeks to reaffirm its strong support for peace talks between Israel and the Palestinians, as well as a two-state solution.
Jerusalem, he added, should eventually become the capital city with the state of Israel and Palestine. According to him, the status of the city must come out of a negotiated deal between the two sides.
"This is the only way to ensure the long-term viable and viable security of Israelis and residents of the Palestinians," Rycroft said. Rycroft called on the United States to release a detailed proposal for an Israeli-Palestinian peace settlement.
France: The US Must Explain How The Decisions Are Appropriate
Francois Delattre, France's ambassador to the UN, said that France's position was guided by three elements. "The status of Jerusalem must be determined after the negotiated settlement and France does not recognize sovereignty over Jerusalem," Delattre said.
He said that the holy city's historical and religious significance became "key" to resolving conflict and regional stability more broadly. "It is important to try to provide excuses for radical movements in the region and vice versa, to encourage all statesmen and actors to make peace," he said.
According to him, Jerusalem will be the capital of two countries. "There is no alternative to a two-state solution, nor is there a two-state solution without agreement among the parties in Jerusalem," he added.
Sweden: Violation of UN Resolution
Olof Skoog, Sweden's ambassador to the United Nations, said that the UN meeting was held due to the impact of what the Trump government had.
"We certainly do not agree with the recognition of Jerusalem as the capital of Israel," Skoog said.
According to him, the decision triggered tensions and instability in the Middle East region and is contrary to international resolutions and UNSC resolutions.
"Trump's statement goes against the demands of many US and Israeli friends, but that does not affect the position of Sweden, the EU or the broader international community on the status of Jerusalem," Skoog said.
Russia: US Decision Meets Serious Attention
"In Moscow, the decisions announced in Washington are greeted with serious attention," said Vasily Nebenzya, Russia's ambassador to the United Nations.
He said that international law and UN resolutions should be the basis for resolving the old conflict.
"The sensitive question of Jerusalem must be resolved through direct Palestinian-Israeli negotiations," he said.
Russia, he continued, worried that the US position in Jerusalem might complicate relations between Israel and the Palestinians, and affect the wider region.
"We ask all parties involved to refrain from acts that may have dangerous consequences," he said.
Japan: The Status of Jerusalem Must Be Disconnected Through Negotiations
"Japan's position remains unchanged," said Koro Bessho, Japan's ambassador to the United Nations. Japan continues to support a two-state solution to the Israeli and Palestinian conflict under international law and UN resolutions.
According to him, the status of Jerusalem must be resolved through negotiations. Bessho said he welcomed the US statement that it still supports the two-state solution.
"Japan is very worried about the increasing tension in the field," said Bessho.
Israel: Trump Decision Peace Stake
Danny Danon, Israel's ambassador to the UN, takes on a different tone, saying that Trump's decision marks a milestone for Israel, for peace and for the world.
"The United States has the courage and correct understanding of justice to officially state what is always known; that Jerusalem has and will always be the capital of Israel, "said Danon.
"The embassy of the United States is included in the capital of Israel," he said.
Israel took over West Jerusalem after it was created in 1948. Israel later occupied East Jerusalem after the 1967 war and annexed the eastern part of the city of Jerusalem in 1980 in a move that remains unacknowledged by the international community.
Israel has built several Jewish settlements around and within important parts of East Jerusalem in an effort to strengthen its control over the entire city of Jerusalem. Jewish settlements are illegal under international law.
Nevertheless, Danon called on all countries to recognize Israel's relationship with Jerusalem and to move their embassies to the holy city.
"We are grateful to the United States for its courageous decision. We call on all countries in the world to join us this year in Jerusalem, the capital of the State of Israel, "he said.
US: UN Bias Against Israel
Nikki Haley, the US ambassador to the United Nations, strongly rejects criticism from many countries during the UNSC emergency meeting.
"The common law is simple that foreign embassies are in Jerusalem, which is home to the Israeli parliament, some government ministries, presidents and prime ministers," he said.
"We remain committed to achieving a lasting peace agreement. We support a two-state solution if agreed upon by the parties, "he said.
Haley accused the United Nations for years of becoming one of the world's leading centers of hostility towards Israel.
"The UN has done more damage to the Middle East peace prospects than it is to advance it," he said.