Saturday, November 18, 2017

Beware Obesity In Children, Keep Their Food To Not Hooked This Dangerous Disease


Doctor Laila Hayati, M.Gizi, SpGK in SOHO #BetterU: National Nutrition Day, talks about obesity, which is a condition of buildup of excess fat tissue in the body. Obesity problems not only occur in developed countries, but also in developing countries, including in Indonesia. Obesity rates among children in Indonesia show an increasing trend. One of the factors is to improve the economic condition of the family, which implies easier access to various forms of food, especially the high content of fat and sugar.
Another factor, now many children who spend time with the gadget (gadgets) electronic games. On the other hand, not a few parents who are happy when his son plump or chubi, because it will be the main focus of the surrounding environment to be fun, even many who pinched, kissed because it was hard to see it. Other causes of obesity (overweight) in children due to heredity. The risk of obesity can be increased in children who have parents who are also obese.
The main cause of obesity is the diet, some foods that contain lots of carbohydrates and fats to the effect of obesity, such as chocolate, candy, drinks and foods high in sugar content, junk food, cheese, etc.
How to find out obesity in children
The problem of obesity in children is easily recognizable. Some clinical symptoms are easy to see, such as unbalanced height and weight, small-looking penis size (due to drowning due to fat tissue around the rising penis) and fat accumulation around the abdomen and around the breast, and the shape of the bent leg caused by too much weight body load.
Doctor Laila Hayati, M.Gizi, SpGK explains poor diet, lack of physical activity, low parental control over food consumed by children, become the dominant factor of children affected by obesity. According to him, obesity can be prevented.
Obesity in dangerous children not only increases the risk of chronic disease. Obese children may also experience social and emotional problems.
Thus, this problem can not be considered trivial, obesity in children raises some pretty serious problems, here is the discussion below:
# 1. Type 2 diabetes
Obesity in children a lot happens because of poor diet (overeating), one of which the consumption of food and sweet drinks are too much.
Type 2 diabetes is a chronic disease most likely to occur in obese children. Medical science in the United States suggests diabetes is not only potentially attacking adults, but also vulnerable to attack teenagers who are overweight. From the results of research conducted on eleven children. Eleven children are diabetic and need more insulin to relieve dependence on diabetes pill. As reported by the AP, a child surgeon at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, D. Thomas Inge found an association of overweight in children with the risk of type 2 diabetes.
# 2. Asthma
Overweight children are more at risk of developing asthma. That's because the excess fat in the body that can result in vulnerable children experience shortness of breath. Excessive body weights bring additional weight to the lungs, leading to the emergence of this disease.
# 3. Impaired immune system
Obesity increases the risk of inflammation. Where the problem of inflammation can affect the brain, which makes the mood more easily changeable.
# 4. Cholesterol and high blood pressure
Excessive consumption of food, or consumption of unhealthy foods, high fat, high sugar content etc, can lead to children experiencing high blood pressure and high cholesterol. That's because the buildup of plaque in the blood vessels, because too much fat in the body. This buildup of plaque, if it persists for a long time to make the collection into the hardened stage, and eventually clog the blood vessels, which means the increased risk of heart attack and stroke. Doctor Laila Hayati, M.Gizi, SpGK said that obesity can cause carotid arteries and cholesterol is not normal, because the condition in the blood there are many fats that harm the blood vessels.
"People who are obese also have the potential to experience liver disorders, eating disorders, anorexia, skin infections and asthma, and other respiratory disorders," he said
# 5. Fatty liver non-alcoholic
Fatty liver non-alcoholic is a disease of the liver due to obesity problems experienced, not because of alcohol consumption. This disease results in scarring and liver damage.
# 6. Early puberty
Obesity also results in children experiencing hormonal imbalance, this is rarely discussed. Due to the condition of hormonal imbalance make the child can experience early puberty, such as menstruation earlier than generally happens.
# 7. Respiratory disorders
Obese children are more susceptible to respiratory problems. Thus, children often snore during sleep.
# 8. Sleep disturbance
Obesity problems can make breathing children who experience it to be abnormal, as often happens is to snore during sleep. The quality of the child's rest (sleep) becomes decreased due to interference with this breathing. One of the most worrying sleep disorders in children with obesity is OSA (obstructive sleep apnea), is a condition of breathing stops during sleep that can ultimately lead to death.
# 9. Feeling inferior
Body with excessive weight often makes people become not confident in everyday interactions. Not infrequently we see an obese child is often teased or bully in school. Of course, this phenomenon is not good, which makes the child often in-bully will feel inferior, so it can be difficult to bring his confidence. Until the worst impact is children experience stress and depression, such as in Japan where many school-age children commit suicide because of bully by friends in the neighborhood.
# 10. Behavioral disorders
Obese children are more at risk of anxiety problems, which imply skills that are not good at school. This continues to have implications for behavioral disorders in obese children, which makes children withdraw from the social environment.
# 11. Depression
Depression becomes a very serious complication can be experienced by obese children. Signs of depressed children are often crying, lost spirits suddenly, lost interest in their daily activities, and sleep longer time (than usual he sleeps). Discomfort and confidence make the child vulnerable to depression, so parents need to accompany.
# 12. Child school achievement declines
A study in America and England found that obesity not only affects the child's health, but also his achievements in school, especially in girls. A study conducted on about 6,000 students in the UK, comparing the body mass index to students, from when they were 11-16 years old with their achievements in school.
Approximately 71% of students have normal weight, and about 15% of students are obese at the start of the study. The researchers then gave the academic exam of English, math, and science three times, ie, when they were 11, 13, and 16 years old.
By removing other risk factors, including socioeconomic status, child IQ, and menstrual cycles, the researchers found (from those long studies) that obese teenagers at age 11 were getting worse grades by age 11, 13, and 16 years, compared with non-obese adolescents.
The cause of obesity lowering the child's school performance (especially in girls) is still uncertain, a strong notion is that obesity affects the mental health of teenagers.
Especially in adolescent girls who are more affected by their weight condition (which is not ideal) than boys. Obesity makes children unconfident, uncomfortable, not loving themselves, to be depressed. This has a bad effect on his ability to absorb the lessons at school, even children can skip school because of bully friends.
# 13. Another problem
Dr. Damayanti R Sharif, SpA, of the Sub-Section of Nutrition and Metabolism of the Child Health Sciences Department of Health / RSCM, explained that obese children are vulnerable snoring and awakening at night, often wetting, often drowsy in the morning, which makes learning disorders disrupted.
Obesity also leads to complications such as abdominal pain, liver dysfunction, psychosocial and sexual development. dr Damayanti R Sharif, SpA said until now there has been no official drugs to overcome obese children. In addition, losing weight in obese children should not be drastic, it is important to pay attention to a balanced calorie diet according to his age.
recommended activity 20-30 minutes per day (at least 4 times a week) to do the roads, cycling, jongging, etc., this is based on what is liked by children. dr Damayanti R Sharif, SpA also asked agr parents to reduce the time children to watch television. Diring children to perform motion activities, but do not overdo it too (such as sports continuously up to 2 hours, etc.) because it even gives negative effects.
Measure the weight rate of weight with IMT technology
BMI is a measure to determine whether a person's weight is classified as underweight, normal (normal), overweight, and obese. BMI is measured by the weight formula (in kilograms) divided by the squared height (in meters2). Your child's BMI measurements will be compared with other children's BMIs with the same gender, age and height.
How to overcome obesity hazard in school children
Keep in mind, weight reduction should be done in the long term, which is done in stages. Normally can reduce body weight about 0.5-0.9 kilograms per week.
#Talk from heart to heart with child
Weight-bearing conversations are a sensitive topic, especially in a teenager. However, not talking about it is also wrong, so this is where the importance of parental policy.
The important thing to do, namely make sure the child knows that the process of regulating lifestyle is useful for weight loss, so that he is aware of what he does for good, so that children do not complain, although done in a long time.
Parents also need to "seduce" the child can be open with the problems it faces, give praise when there are successes achieved by the child, although small.
Remind the child that you love him "without any conditions", even if his body is fat, his face is not handsome or beautiful, and so on. So no matter what the condition of the child, no matter what others say about it make sure the child knows that you love him, it makes the child feel accepted, and encourages him to be open about all the problems he faces.
# Healthy diet
The most important thing, replace as much as possible packaged food types, replaced fresh fruits and vegetables.
Do not eat too often with family, especially in fast food restaurants, which generally contain high cholesterol, high sugar, etc.
It is advisable to cook your own food alone, in order to control the cholesterol and calorie content in your child's diet. Prioritize the way of cooking by steaming or boiling, compared with how to fry.
Apply eating together to family members, which gives a positive impact of bringing family members together, fun, and avoiding children watching TV while eating big meals or snacks, because it makes children lose control in eating foods.
In changing the child's diet to be healthy, of course done slowly and in the long term. It is unwise to limit all high-calorie foods, etc.
# Use the "90/10 method"
Try making wise rules in the family, like the 90/10 method. What does it mean? That is 90 percent healthy food, and 10 percent is good food (which may be less healthy).
It's important to avoid unhealthy foods, but that does not mean eliminating them altogether. Diet too tight can actually be a boomerang for Children, because children will feel too restrained that is not good for psychology.
That way, children may occasionally eat-food such as pizza, ice cream, hamburger, birthday cake, etc.
#It is important to take children on the move
Physical activity is not only about structured sports, we can invite children to do physical activity that he likes, it can be a jump rope, cycling, etc..
Parents should limit their time to TV or game play, and limit it to no more than two hours per day.
Teach a healthy lifestyle, and give examples by practicing a healthy lifestyle in children, so parents should also have a healthy lifestyle, such as to eat vegetables, diligent exercise, no smoking, no munum-alcoholic beverages, etc.
Better not to put the TV into the child's bedroom, because it can bother him, by putting a TV or computer outside the child's room, it helps children to sleep more quality, comfortable and sound.